Artificial intelligence is transforming the nature of almost everything which is connected with human e.g. employment, warfare, communication, ethics, security, privacy, economy, healthcare, etc. AI has geared up to raise and enlarge way more than ever anticipated and gives us more variables to work and helps us to process all the variables in a programmatic way which is more easier and offers a transparent level of confidence.
AI is a machine which exhibits human intelligence and has the ability of a computer program or a machine to think and learn. It can perform any intellectual task that a human being can perform and machines become increasingly capable, mental facilities once thought to require intelligence are removed from the definition. The purpose of artificial intelligence is to create technology that allows machines and computers to function in an intelligent way. AI is a type of machine that focuses on creating systems that can collect data and make decisions and/or solve problems. In upcoming years, the verses of artificial intelligence have been buzzing in our ears by almost all professions.
WHY RESEARCH AI SAFETY?
In the near future, the goal of maintaining the impact of AI on community benefits motivates research in many fields, ranging from economics and law to technical topics such as verification, validity, security, and control. Whereas it might be a little more than a small annoyance if your laptop crashes or is hacked, it becomes more important that the AI system does what you want if you control your car, your plane, your pacemaker, your automatic trading system or your electricity network. Another short-term challenge is to prevent a devastating arms race in deadly autonomous weapons.
In the long run, the important question is what will happen if a strong AI search is successful and this system is better than humans in all cognitive tasks. As indicated by I.J. Both in 1965, designing a smarter AI system itself was a cognitive task. Such a system has the potential to experience recursive self-improvement, triggering an explosion of intelligence that makes human intelligence far behind. However, some experts have expressed concern, that it might also be the last unless we learn to align AI's goals with our goals before becoming super intelligence.
There are some who question whether strong AI will ever be achieved, and others insist that the creation of super-intelligence AI is guaranteed to be beneficial. At FLI we recognize these two possibilities, but also recognize the potential for artificial intelligence systems to intentionally or unintentionally cause large losses. We believe today's research will help us better prepare ourselves and prevent potential negative consequences in the future, so we can enjoy the benefits of AI while avoiding traps.
HOW CAN AI BE DANGEROUS?
Most researchers agree that AI cannot able to show human emotions such as hate or love, and that there is no reason to expect AI to be intentionally good or bad. Conversely, when considering how AI can be a risk, experts think of the two most likely scenarios:
AI is programmed to do something destructive: Autonomous weapons are artificial intelligence systems programmed to kill. In the wrong hands, these weapons can easily cause mass casualties. In addition, the AI arms race could accidentally cause an AI war which also resulted in mass casualties. To avoid being thwarted by the enemy, these weapons will be designed very difficult to "turn off", so that humans can reasonably lose control of such situations. This risk is the risk that is present even with a narrow AI, but grows with the increasing level of intelligence and autonomy of AI.
AI is programmed to do something useful, but develops destructive methods to achieve its goals: This can happen every time we fail to align AI goals with our goals, which is very difficult. If you ask for an obedient smart car to take you to the airport as soon as possible, it might get you chased by a helicopter and be filled with vomiting, not doing what you want but literally what you ask for. If a super intelligent system is assigned an ambitious geoengineering project, it might wreak havoc on our ecosystem as a side effect, and view human efforts to stop it as a threat that must be met.
It is a unique technology in computer science, It describes the use of human-level intelligence and accuracy to machines. This technology based on developing or creating intelligent machines that can simplify human task easily. Some of the activities in computers with artificial intelligence are designed for include: Speech recognition, Learning.
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