Pregnancy is a natural process which is a beautiful experience. It is the process of bringing out the offspring to the world. Sometimes people face difficulties to give birth to the baby naturally . At that time IVF (in-vitro fertilization) procedure comes into the play. Your doctor may advise you to try IVF to give birth to a child on this beautiful earth and make your life happy and joyous.
IVF may be the first option if:
· A gestational carrier is needed
· An egg donor is being used
· If a woman's fallopian tubes are blocked
· Severe cases of male infertility
· When previously cryopreserved eggs are being used.
In the first stage of IVF process,to make the uterine environment sustainable for the fertilised egg the doctor administers some hormonal medication, like clomiphene, hMG or FSH, for about ten days. These hormonal drugs will help you to achieve the growth & development of several follicles as well as several eggs. It also helps in determining when ovulation will occur. Although, frequent monitoring is also required.
Regular blood tests are also to be done to monitor the progress of the process along with USG. Some women respond quickly to this treatment while some take time to respond. This process is called the harvesting stage of IVF . If this process is not showing any potential result to you then you should try the donor egg option.
In the next stage you get your eggs matured and they are taken out from the ovaries only after getting maturity. Your doctor will extract the egg at the right time, as timing matters a lot in this case. Extracting the eggs before it gets ripened makes no sense as it will be able get fertilised. At the same time, extracting late is also of no use. So , timing is very important in this process.
After harvesting the egg the doctor will ask your spouse for semen. If your partner is not able to give his semen sample because of any kind of reason or if he has low sperm count then you can use a sperm donor facility after consulting with your doctor. After getting both the egg and semen sample your doctor will fertilise both in a petrie dish using an incubator which will generate the same temperature as the woman's body.
Once the embryos are ready for transferring, between two and five days after fertilization, your doctor will use a tube to gently release the embryos into your uterus. This is a relatively painless procedure that doesn’t require any anesthesia. Your doctor may also choose to use an ultrasound to help guide the placement of the fertilized eggs into your uterus. If all goes well, then at least one egg will implant into your uterine lining.
Your doctor will also monitor whether or not the treatment led to a multiple pregnancy. IVF has a higher risk of conceiving multiples, and a multiple pregnancy carries risks for both the mother and the babies. Risks of a multiple pregnancy include premature labor and delivery, maternal hemorrhage, C-section delivery, pregnancy induced high blood pressure, and gestational diabetes.
If it's a high-order pregnancy (4 or more), your doctor may discuss the option of reducing the number of fetuses in a procedure called a "multifetal pregnancy reduction.There is a 2% to 4% risk of ectopic pregnancy with IVF conception.ï»¿ If you developed OHSS from the fertility drugs, and you get pregnant, recovery may take longer.
When IVF Treatment Fails
If the pregnancy test is still negative 12 to 14 days post-transfer, your doctor will ask you to stop taking the progesterone. Then, you will have to wait for your period to start.