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Why you need a Heart Transplant ?

A heart transplant is a surgical procedure where a diseased heart is replaced with a healthy donor heart. A transplant is a treatment for the people who have tried medical and other treatments but their condition hasn’t improved.

A donor is a person who has died and whose family has agreed to donate the heart. Or a person who is brain dead. Two or more healthcare providers must declare the donor brain-dead.

A healthcare team makes sure that you are healthy enough to go through the transplant process. Your healthcare group for heart transplant consists a team of nurses, physicians, surgeons, dietitians, social workers, and cardiac rehabilitation specialists who work with each patient and their family to aid in the success of their heart transplant.

Why might I need a Heart Transplant?

A heart transplant is performed when heart failure is severe and other treatments haven't worked.

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In adult heart failure can because by conditions like:

  • A weakening of the heart muscle
  • Coronary artery disease
  • Heart valve disease
  • Abnormal heart rhythms not controlled by other treatments
  • Amyloidosis
  • Failure of a previous heart transplant
  • Heart attack
  • Viral infection of the heart muscle
  • High blood pressure
  • Heart valve disease
  • Heart defects present at birth
  • Irregular heartbeats
  • High blood pressure in the lungs
  • Alcoholism or drug abuse
  • Heart muscle is enlarged, thick, and stiff (cardiomyopathy)
  • Low red blood cell count

Following Factors may affect your eligibility for a Heart Transplant

Heart transplant surgery is not recommended for everyone. There are certain factors which should be considered before the surgery. Each case is considered individually by the healthcare center.


What are the risks of a Heart Transplant?

Potential risks of a Heart Transplant may include:

  • Infection
  • Bleeding during or after the surgery
  • Blood clots that can cause heart attack, stroke, or other problems
  • Breathing problems
  • Kidney failure
  • Failure of the donor's heart

Your body's immune system may reject the new donor heart. Rejection is a normal body reaction to a foreign object or tissue. When you get a new heart, your immune system attacks the new organ as a foreign threat.

To allow the transplanted organ to survive into your body you will need to take the medicines. The medicine will trick the immune system into accepting and keep it from attacking it. You will need to take the medicines for the rest of your life.

The procedure of a Heart Transplant

Once the heart is available from the donor. The surgeon from transplant center will harvest the heart. The heart stored in a special solution while being taken to the recipient. The surgeon will make sure that the donor's heart is in good condition before the transplantation.

You will need to remain close with your transplant team and let them know if you have any changes to your health. The healthcare team will inform you when a potential organ is available. You and your transplant team will have less time to decide to consider whether to accept the donation. You need to travel to the hospital immediately after begin to notify by your transplant team.

Once you reach the hospital the surgeon and transplant team will conduct the final procedure to check if the donor's heart is suitable for you and if you're ready to have surgery.

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The donor-recipient considers several factors to make a match, including:

  • Medical urgency of potential recipients
  • Blood type (A, B, AB or O)
  • Antibodies the recipients may have developed
  • Size of the donor
  • Time spent on the waiting list

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A heart transplant is a complicated surgery and depends on the complexity of your case, it takes approximately four to Ten hours.

Most of the patients are up and around after a few days of surgery. and if there is no rejection sign then the patient will be discharged in a few days.

Risk of Heart Transplant:

The surgery requires open heart surgery which carries the risk.

  • Bleeding
  • Infection
  • Blood clots
  • Heart attack
  • Stroke
  • Death

How do Doctor’s Perform a Heart Transplant?

1. Your surgeon team will connect you to a heart-lung machine. It does the work of your heart and takes the strain off your lungs. It pumps filtered, oxygen-rich blood into your body so your heart is still during the operation.

2. Remove your diseased heart and.

3. Replace it with the healthy donor heart.

After surgery

  • After surgery, the doctors will put you on Anti-rejection drug. when your immune system detects something new, they attack as they view it as a threat.
  • You will be admitted in ICU for 3-4 days.
  • You need to stay in a hospital for a few more days. (depends on your health condition and hospital policy)


During this time the Transplant team will:

  • Watch any rejection
  • Will check if you get an infection.
  • Teach you coughing and breathing exercise.
  • Adjust the medicine to find the right mix.


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