The notion of organizational strategy finds its expression in various spheres of human life. Most commonly, it manifests itself in economy, namely marketing, business, finance, industry, etc. The effective implementation of the company’s strategy will help to reach material prospect, expand the production or distribution, raise its competitiveness among opponents and add to its attractiveness in the midst of potential customers. Due to its successful application, the basic concepts of organizational strategy spread on other public areas as well. Undoubtedly, the most vital to one’s lifetime and well-being are healthcare organizations, as far as they support individual physical condition and safety. Although attempts to establish a unique medical strategy often fail, it is important to develop a well-arranged and thought out system of healthcare service.
The majority of experts define organizational strategy as a complexity of the firm’s actions taken to fulfill its mission. To reach the goals set, company designs a document, which is called strategic plan. It describes minor aims, determines compulsory activities and forecasts, possible problems and challenges (balanced scorecard). Among the fundamental items of strategic planning are strategy, tasks, objectives, mission, vision, management and leadership, etc. First and foremost, the firm identifies its mission that is the primary purpose and intention. Furthermore, it is divided into minute goals and duties. The general strategy of the company guides everyday actions and decisions of the management. Meanwhile, the board of directors controls, tests and monitors the work of the staff. Thus, the leaders will be able to compare the obtained results with the initial vision (the way it should be in the future) and make correction if required.
In most cases, strategic planning is intended to direct the tactical procedures of the staff. The main responsibilities of the management are to understand the objectives, to evaluate the resources, to acknowledge dynamic forces and probable provocations. In healthcare system managers are liable for planning, organizing, staffing, controlling, directing and decision-making. Their key obligation is to assist and direct the medical services. To accomplish their duties, healthcare workers constantly communicate with patients, solve technical problems and perform interpersonal activities. These strategic aspects are obligatory for the management to implement their tasks productively.
The organized working process is only a halfway to prospect. A lot depends on the people who implement the plan. They may have both learned and inner traits that can either relieve or complicate their job. The abilities that the employees acquire during the working process are learned. However, some of the personal qualities assist in achieving the goals. If a manager is self-confident, can influence other’s viewpoint and reassure to change one’s mind he/she has great chances to become a leader. Otherwise, if a member of staff prefers to be driven but lacks initiative, he/she will certainly turn out to be a good subordinate. Thus, it is important for a manager to develop inner traits and learn to adapt to new conditions.
Internal Audit of Strategic Assets
Resources are another pledge of success for the company. They can be subdivided into several types: tangible, intangible and capabilities. In their turn, tangible means split into physical, financial, human and organizational reserves. Physical assets comprise machines, territory, buildings, etc. Financial resources consist of funds, investments, cash, etc. Human abilities embody skills and knowledge. Organizational assets cover the whole working process. Intangible resources encompass technology (patents and trademarks), innovation (employee’s talents and abilities) and reputation (brand name). Finally, capabilities provide for personnel’s proficiency and skills, modernization of production and advance of delivery.
It is the responsibility of a manager to transform available resources into competitive advantages. To realize their professional functions, employees must possess certain competencies – useful abilities that enable them to work productively. For instance, healthcare workers are obliged to own the following key competencies: conceptual, technical and interpersonal skills. Conceptualization helps to analyze and solve the problems. Hi-tech proficiency facilitates tasks that involve computers and devices. Furthermore, interpersonal skills of a healthcare manager maintain effective communication with patients, collaborators and officials. In addition to personal qualities, it is advisable for a healthcare provider to be licensed. The presence of certified and licensed professionals in a hospital, clinic or other organization makes it more trustworthy for clients and more competitive among opponents.
Health Care is a Right
Although US Constitution and Bill of Rights promote primarily values such as life, freedom and justice, the importance of health cannot be neglected. Thus, other lawful sources concentrate on this question. The basic health issues are reflected in such global documents as Universal Declaration of Human Rights, Constitution of the World Health Organization (WHO), General Comment on the Right to Health and International Health Regulations. WHO defines health as an elementary human right that presupposes well-timed, economical and up to standard medical care. The state’s government takes the responsibility to create appropriate circumstances for well-being of the country’s population. Its duty is to maintain the accessibility of medication, ensure adequate and secure conditions of employment, provide with sufficient dwelling and nutrition. The General Comment underlines the necessity of the following determinants: free admission to water, food and housing, normal sanitation, lively environment, right to receive health education and information. It is clear from the arguments that international regulations aim at the satisfaction of the basic human needs. However, their further implementation depends immediately on the national authority.
The US principles of physical and mental wellness find their expression in Health Maintenance Organization Act, Medicare and Medicaid Programs, Blue Cross system, etc. The Department of Health and Human Services regulates the fulfillment of laws by the federal institutions. Besides, it offers a number of written instructions concerning health care service, treatment of people in need, medical research and so on. For example, Medicare and Medicaid are liable for the supervision of senior and poor US citizens. Blue Cross and Blue Shield companies maintain health insurance for approximately 105 million clients. Health maintenance establishments support the interaction between the patient, practitioner and financier. All in all, the US legislation seems to cover adverse aspects of the medical system. It proves that health care is a right and warranty of wellness and safety.
The Affordable Care Act
On March 23, 2010 Barack Obama put his signature on the Affordable Care Act (ACA), also known as Obamacare. Recently, the appropriateness of ACA has become a debatable question. Moeover, many specialists and ordinary people consider it to be irrelevant for the democratic society. For instance, Megan Gallagher, the student of Williams High School, criticizes this act for causing terrible changes in the US economy and healthcare. She is convinced that the prevailing percentage of insured Americans reveals the accessibility of medical treatment. To her mind, by this law government initiates the increase of taxes for the members of community. Consequently, taxpayers will not profit and the economy is certain to decrease. Thus, Megan regards the ACA as something pointless and pressed upon the US society.
In spite of the negative comments on ACA, it is significant to analyze its advantages. First and foremost, the act struggles for moving affordability, accessibility, and quality of the US healthcare system to a higher level. The ACA also promises to lower the costs for all patients and provide elderly people with discounts. In addition, preventative measures are supposed to be free of charge for every citizen. In such a way, the US government hopes to broaden the coverage of uninsured Americans. From the technological viewpoint, the ACA aims at improving informational and data systems. The precise examination of Obamacare forecasts a prompt recovery of the US medicine. Due to its anthropocentric tendency, this act is advantageous and beneficial for the democratic American community. More of american dream essay topics you can read in my next posts.