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"Emotional Intelligence" by Daniel Goleman: a short summary of the book

According to Wikipedia, emotional intelligence is the ability of a person to recognize emotions, understand the intentions, motivations and desires of other people and their own, and also the ability to control their emotions and emotions of other people in order to solve practical problems.

Emotional intelligence (EQ or EI) is a term coined by two researchers, Peter Salava and John Mayer, and popularized by Daniel Goleman in his 1996 book of the same name.

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The book consists of five parts, sixteen chapters and six annexes at the end. Consider each part separately, focusing on the most interesting.

Part one. Emotional brain

In us, surprisingly, two minds coexist - rational and emotional. The rational mind is an instrument of comprehension, which we are capable of realizing. He is rich in thoughts, more visible in his result in the form of knowledge, reflects the ability of the mind to think and meditate. If you want to write some kind of essay you need to go at The emotional mind is another system of cognition, powerful and impulsive, sometimes illogical. Such a mechanism of knowledge is likely to have evolved over billions of years of evolution. Emotions and intuition governed our instant reaction in situations where we were in mortal danger. While we needed a break for meditation in order to understand what we want to achieve in life. Ideally, there must be a balance between rational and emotional, when emotions nourish and inspire us to the actions of the rational mind. Conversely, the rational mind ennobles and in some cases prohibits the manifestation of emotions.

All the passions of man are, in fact, in the control of the amygdala body (amygdala). It is a great expert on emotions. If the work of the amygdala is dissociated with the rest of the brain, it manifests itself in a striking inability to assess the emotional significance of events; this phenomenon is sometimes called "effective, or emotional, blindness."

So, in a state of effect, a person commits both horrible and insane acts. He can hurt another, or, without hesitation, throw himself into the water or a burning house to save someone he does not even know. The almond-shaped body can force us to act abruptly, while the slightly slower, but more knowledgeable neocortex only "unfolds" its more elaborate response plan.

We can say that the main task of a reasonable person is to make friends with the amygdala and the neocortex. It is advisable to stop this confrontation between feeling and thought, heart and head from time to time.

Let us take, for example, the ability of emotions to disrupt the process of thinking. There is such a concept of "RAM" - the amount of attention that allows you to keep the data needed to solve the problem. These may be tasks for logical thinking in the exam or a lingering discussion. The prefrontal cortex is responsible for this. However, strong emotions such as anxiety and anger can create neural disturbances, which negatively affects the memory. That is why we can not think at all during such effects.

Part two. The nature of emotional intelligence

This is the largest and most important part of the book in which Goleman offers the greatest number of his ideas and valuable observations, so we will dwell on it in more detail.

It is impossible to accurately predict success in the life of a student with a high IQ. Of course, some connection exists, but it does not guarantee anything.

No less important are other characteristics, for the most part, it is emotional intelligence. It consists of many skills, for example:

Be able to restrain impulses, despite the failures and failures.

Have the ability to work out for yourself the motivation "on an equal footing".

Be able to delay receiving instant gratification.

Persistently strive to achieve the goal.

Do not let suffering deprive oneself of the opportunity to think.

Control your mood.

To be able to distract from unpleasant thoughts in order to concentrate on the main thing.

Empathize with others.

Hope and believe in yourself.

What can a person with a high IQ achieve, who at the same time lumps money to the left and to the right, easily lends himself to negative emotions, enters into conflicts and ruffles his superiors? The coefficient of mental development almost does not explain why people with approximately equal makings, education and opportunities are completely different fates. At first many of them break out ahead, but then for some reason they go down. They are unhappy, prone to depression and do not know how to get along with people (including in married life).


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