On the off chance that you are a trying proficient, particularly a QA mechanization build, you should be extremely conscious of the term 'Selenium'. Selenium is one of the prevalent computerization device and structure for testing web applications and administrations.
Selenium is an open-source robotization device which conveys the functionalities of chronicle and playing the test contents. Selenium bolsters execution of test contents written in various programming dialects including Java, C#, Ruby, Groovy and Scala.
An Insight to Selenium Background:
Selenium was made in the year 2004 and at first created by Jason Huggins (Thoughtworks) with the reason to complete the tedious undertaking of manual and dreary execution of tests on a specific online application in a much successful and proficient way.
To defeat this restriction, Paul Hammant, one of the representatives of Thoughtworks has made Selenium Remote Control (RC) or Selenium 1 containing both selenium customer and selenium server as an intermediary server to help executions on numerous programs. Afterward, in the year 2005 Patrick Lightbody concocted a private cloud named HostedQA and afterward Phillipe Hanrigou of Thoughtworks made Selenium Grid, which empowers analyzers to run and execute numerous tests simultaneously on various machines to guarantee fast execution of tests inside less time length.
In the year 2007, Simon Stewart of Thoughtworks made Webdriver to address the issue of productive execution of various web applications on numerous programs. Later on, in the year 2009, Selenium RC and Webdriver applications were motivated converged to convey another and better item, named Selenium Webdriver or Selenium 2.0.
Selenium IDE was created as an enthusiasm of Shinya Kasatani of Japan in Selenium. It is a module augmentation created for the Firefox program to record and plays the test content which was later given to Selenium venture.
Why Selenium is so preferred?
Selenium is definitely not a solitary application apparatus rather it's a bundle of various applications and structures packaged together to meet each extraordinary business and utilitarian prerequisites. Further, with selenium you can use the accompanying focal points:
- An open source apparatus, uninhibitedly accessible to download under Apache License 2.0.
- Easy to introduce and utilize record and play highlights.
- Supports test executions on various programs.
- Supports distinctive program expansions.
- Apart from its very own scripting dialect, selenium underpins test content writing in different dialects including Ruby, Java, C#, PHP, Python and some more.
- In-assembled test results and announcing highlight.
Because of its straightforwardness, IDE can't be utilized to create complex tests rather it might be utilized as a prototyping device.
Selenium Web Driver:-
Selenium Web Driver or Selenium 2.0 is a standout amongst the most mainstream utilized computerization apparatuses of Selenium suite to robotize the test execution of electronic applications. Selenium Web Driver is a profitable reconciliation of Selenium RC or 1.0 and Web Driver as talked about above.
Dissimilar to Selenium IDE, Selenium Web driver conveys the benefit of composing test contents in various dialects including Java, Perl, Ruby, C# and includes the utilization of all unique programming rationales and ideas to guarantee the nature of the test content. It doesn't include the use of any kind of IDE rather tests are made and executed through programming interface.
Selenium Grid is one of the gainful segments of the Selenium Suite, which is utilized to execute tests at the same time and simultaneously in parallel over various stages including the diverse mixes of programs, working frameworks and gadgets. It bolsters appropriated test execution condition.